250 works by over 60 French and European cubist artists will be shown, constituting a gathering of exceptional works, exhibited by a private gallery.
This exhibition not only focuses upon the founding artists of Cubisme, namely Picasso and Braque, but rather, it explores those artists who we can call "followers" who were largely responsible for promoting this new artistic tendency throughout Europe between 1910 and 1920. By 1909, cubisme was known almost throughout the entire world.
Metzinger and Gleizes represented the movement as it was in 1911 at the Salon des Indépendants, along with Robert Delaunay, Léger and others. The exhibition of the Section d’Or in 1912 further strengthened the movement with artists such as Picabia, Gris, La Fresnaye, Lhote, Herbin, and Csaky.
Foreign artists who came to Paris during this period also contributed to the spread of cubisme, taking back photos and documents to their native countries. Among such people we can name Russian artists such as Natan Altman, Sonia Delaunay, Survage, Alexandra Exter, Baranov-Rossiné, Larionov (Galerie Berès is showing an exceptional painting of his from 1911 entitled Still Life)— ; but also the Lithuanian artist Lipchitz, the Czech artists Otto Gutfreund and Emil Filla, the Polish artists Marcoussis and Halicka, the Hungarian artist Czaky, the Italian artist Sévérni...
Very early on, prominent French dealers like Kahnweiler and Rosenberg sent works by these artists abroad, and the important Russian patrons lent their works to many diverse exhibitions. The Armory Show in New York in 1913—with Albert Gleizes, Francis Picabia, and Pablo Picasso—was a grand success and managed to promote this movement world-wide, reaching those always in search of "the next big thing".
The cubists first created works which can be categorized as "analytic". They developped in many different directions, using formal elements, circles, diagonals, numbers, and words. Their subjects were often still lives containing everyday objects, fruits, guitars, violins, pipes, newspapers, portraits or country sides. Then appeared a new kind of cubisme, a "synthetic" cubisme that developped a subjectivity in relation to subject : varied colors and the return of pointilism.
Cubisme, initiated by Picasso and Braque in 1907, came into its own in 1920, and was continued by certain sculptors who found inspiration in the movement from 1922-1923.
After this period, the movement branched off into other forms, giving birth to the "rayonnisme" of Larionov and Gontcharova, the "suprématisme" of Kliun, the "orphisme" of Delaunay and Kupka, the "cubisto-futurisme" of Exter, the "futurisme" of Balla and the "tubisme" of Léger.
This show presented by Galerie Berès is composed of works by over 60 artists, (paintings, drawings, pastels et etchings) and shows the proliferation of the ideas and artistic tendencies begun by Picasso and Braque.
Sculpture is represented as well with a very rare and magnificient bronze by Archipenko, and several works by Czaky and Balla among others.
This exhibition which takes place both at 25 quai Voltaire and 35 rue de Beaune will be open Monday-Saturday, from 10am-7pm. A catalogue, illustrating all of the works, will accompany the exhibition, and will show how this short-lived movement was nevertheless a very important one.